ALBERT BANDURA SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY 1977 PDF



Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf

ALBERT BANDURA webspace.ship.edu. Albert Bandura Biography 1 year ago • Behaviorist Theories , Biography , Cognitive Theories • 0 In 2014, Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura was ranked number one atop a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era, published in the Archives of Scientific Psychology., Series Editor on Social Learning Theory, Prentice-Hall, 1970-1990. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1963-77. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1967-77..

TechnoFunc Social Learning Theories

Teori Belajar Albert Bandura Social Learning. Social Cognitive Theory Of Learning "Of the many cues that influence beh avior, In the early 1960’s, when many learning and inst ruction theories were being developed, Albert Bandura and his researchers recognized that many overlooked an important aspect of learning, the observation of others. From this analysis began the social-cognitive theory. I. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES A. …, Bandura described his theory of social learning as being developed in a context in which “the prevailing analysis of learning focused almost entirely on learning through the effects of one’s actions [with] the explanatory mechanisms [cast] in terms of peripheral association of environmental stimuli to responses” (Bandura, 2006a, p. 55)..

Albert Bandura is additionally the originator of the concepts of social learning theory and self-efficacy, and he is well-known for the Bobo doll experiment. Biography Albert Bandura Albert Bandura … Bandura A. (1986). Observational learning. In A. Bandura (1986), Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Bandura (1977) states: “Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own Albert Bandura Biography 1 year ago • Behaviorist Theories , Biography , Cognitive Theories • 0 In 2014, Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura was ranked number one atop a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era, published in the Archives of Scientific Psychology.

Bandura described his theory of social learning as being developed in a context in which “the prevailing analysis of learning focused almost entirely on learning through the effects of one’s actions [with] the explanatory mechanisms [cast] in terms of peripheral association of environmental stimuli to responses” (Bandura, 2006a, p. 55). SOCIAL COGNI TIVE THEORY Albert Bandura Stanford University Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta perspective of social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986). Since development is a life- long process (Baltes & Reese, 1984), the analysis is concerned with changes in the psychosocial functioning of adults as well as with those occurring in childhood. Development is …

The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Bandura (1977) states: “Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own Social learning theory adalah teori dari Albert Bandura (1977). Menurut Bandura , manusia mempelajari sesuatu dengan cara meniru perilaku orang lain . Anggaplah kamu mau belajar sesuatu hal yang super asing buat kamu.

Abstract: The authors’ review of literature about Bandura’s (1977) social learning theory and self-efficacy leads to implications on how this theory can positively affect prison work release programs and inmate post-release outcomes. Social Learning Theory – Bandura. December 22, 2017. Definition. Simply put, Social Learning Theory is a theory of learning and social behavior. But there’s more to learning. Social Learning Theory discusses the cognitive process that takes place in a social context which occurs after an individual is exposed to information through observation or direct instruction. Behavioral theories of

Social Cognitive Theory Of Learning "Of the many cues that influence beh avior, In the early 1960’s, when many learning and inst ruction theories were being developed, Albert Bandura and his researchers recognized that many overlooked an important aspect of learning, the observation of others. From this analysis began the social-cognitive theory. I. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES A. … [PDF] Document Database Online Site Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Name: Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Format: ePub, PDF, Kindle, AudioBook

Social Learning Theory Bandura - Psychestudy

albert bandura social learning theory 1977 pdf

Albert Bandura biography quotes publications and books. [PDF] Document Database Online Site Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Name: Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Format: ePub, PDF, Kindle, AudioBook, Bandura A. (1986). Observational learning. In A. Bandura (1986), Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall..

Social Learning Theory viraghacademy.com. Social Learning Theory – Bandura. December 22, 2017. Definition. Simply put, Social Learning Theory is a theory of learning and social behavior. But there’s more to learning. Social Learning Theory discusses the cognitive process that takes place in a social context which occurs after an individual is exposed to information through observation or direct instruction. Behavioral theories of, Series Editor on Social Learning Theory, Prentice-Hall, 1970-1990. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1963-77. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1967-77..

TechnoFunc Social Learning Theories

albert bandura social learning theory 1977 pdf

Social Learning Theory Bandura - Psychestudy. Social Learning Theory – Bandura. December 22, 2017. Definition. Simply put, Social Learning Theory is a theory of learning and social behavior. But there’s more to learning. Social Learning Theory discusses the cognitive process that takes place in a social context which occurs after an individual is exposed to information through observation or direct instruction. Behavioral theories of https://la.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albertus_Bandura Bandura described his theory of social learning as being developed in a context in which “the prevailing analysis of learning focused almost entirely on learning through the effects of one’s actions [with] the explanatory mechanisms [cast] in terms of peripheral association of environmental stimuli to responses” (Bandura, 2006a, p. 55)..

albert bandura social learning theory 1977 pdf

  • ALBERT BANDURA University of Kentucky
  • ALBERT BANDURA webspace.ship.edu
  • TechnoFunc Social Learning Theories
  • Albert Bandura biography quotes publications and books

  • Social learning theory adalah teori dari Albert Bandura (1977). Menurut Bandura , manusia mempelajari sesuatu dengan cara meniru perilaku orang lain . Anggaplah kamu mau belajar sesuatu hal yang super asing buat kamu. Social learning theory adalah teori dari Albert Bandura (1977). Menurut Bandura , manusia mempelajari sesuatu dengan cara meniru perilaku orang lain . Anggaplah kamu mau belajar sesuatu hal yang super asing buat kamu.

    SOCIAL COGNI TIVE THEORY Albert Bandura Stanford University Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta perspective of social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986). Since development is a life- long process (Baltes & Reese, 1984), the analysis is concerned with changes in the psychosocial functioning of adults as well as with those occurring in childhood. Development is … learn slang by observing peers the social learning theory of bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors attitudes and emotional reactions of others bandura 1977 states learning would be exceedingly laborious not to mention hazardous if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own definition simply put social learning theory is a theory of learning and

    Bandura and the Bobo Doll 2 Bandura, Ross, and Ross: Observational Learning and the Bobo Doll Since the publication of their seminal article entitled, “Transmission of Aggression Through Imitation of Aggressive Models” (Bandura, Ross, & Ross, 1961), the work of Albert Bandura and his co-authors has had an immeasurable impact on the field of psychology, in general, and educational Albert Bandura Biography 1 year ago • Behaviorist Theories , Biography , Cognitive Theories • 0 In 2014, Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura was ranked number one atop a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era, published in the Archives of Scientific Psychology.

    SOCIAL COGNI TIVE THEORY Albert Bandura Stanford University Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta perspective of social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986). Since development is a life- long process (Baltes & Reese, 1984), the analysis is concerned with changes in the psychosocial functioning of adults as well as with those occurring in childhood. Development is … Social Learning Theory – Bandura. December 22, 2017. Definition. Simply put, Social Learning Theory is a theory of learning and social behavior. But there’s more to learning. Social Learning Theory discusses the cognitive process that takes place in a social context which occurs after an individual is exposed to information through observation or direct instruction. Behavioral theories of

    The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Bandura (1977) states: “Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own Albert Bandura is additionally the originator of the concepts of social learning theory and self-efficacy, and he is well-known for the Bobo doll experiment. Biography Albert Bandura Albert Bandura …

    Bandura A. (1986). Observational learning. In A. Bandura (1986), Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Series Editor on Social Learning Theory, Prentice-Hall, 1970-1990. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1963-77. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1967-77.

    albert bandura social learning theory 1977 pdf

    - -Albert Bandura (Social Learning Theory, 1977) What is Social Learning Theory? Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning and added a social element, signifying the concept that people can learn new … Albert Bandura Biography 1 year ago • Behaviorist Theories , Biography , Cognitive Theories • 0 In 2014, Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura was ranked number one atop a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era, published in the Archives of Scientific Psychology.

    ALBERT BANDURA Modeling and Observational Learning

    albert bandura social learning theory 1977 pdf

    ALBERT BANDURA University of Kentucky. Social learning theory adalah teori dari Albert Bandura (1977). Menurut Bandura , manusia mempelajari sesuatu dengan cara meniru perilaku orang lain . Anggaplah kamu mau belajar sesuatu hal yang super asing buat kamu., The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Bandura (1977) states: “Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own.

    TechnoFunc Social Learning Theories

    TechnoFunc Social Learning Theories. Bandura A. (1986). Observational learning. In A. Bandura (1986), Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall., Social Learning Theory – Bandura. December 22, 2017. Definition. Simply put, Social Learning Theory is a theory of learning and social behavior. But there’s more to learning. Social Learning Theory discusses the cognitive process that takes place in a social context which occurs after an individual is exposed to information through observation or direct instruction. Behavioral theories of.

    Albert Bandura Biography 1 year ago • Behaviorist Theories , Biography , Cognitive Theories • 0 In 2014, Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura was ranked number one atop a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era, published in the Archives of Scientific Psychology. Social learning theory adalah teori dari Albert Bandura (1977). Menurut Bandura , manusia mempelajari sesuatu dengan cara meniru perilaku orang lain . Anggaplah kamu mau belajar sesuatu hal yang super asing buat kamu.

    - -Albert Bandura (Social Learning Theory, 1977) What is Social Learning Theory? Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning and added a social element, signifying the concept that people can learn new … SOCIAL COGNI TIVE THEORY Albert Bandura Stanford University Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta perspective of social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986). Since development is a life- long process (Baltes & Reese, 1984), the analysis is concerned with changes in the psychosocial functioning of adults as well as with those occurring in childhood. Development is …

    - -Albert Bandura (Social Learning Theory, 1977) What is Social Learning Theory? Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning and added a social element, signifying the concept that people can learn new … Social learning theory adalah teori dari Albert Bandura (1977). Menurut Bandura , manusia mempelajari sesuatu dengan cara meniru perilaku orang lain . Anggaplah kamu mau belajar sesuatu hal yang super asing buat kamu.

    Social Cognitive Theory Of Learning "Of the many cues that influence beh avior, In the early 1960’s, when many learning and inst ruction theories were being developed, Albert Bandura and his researchers recognized that many overlooked an important aspect of learning, the observation of others. From this analysis began the social-cognitive theory. I. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES A. … - -Albert Bandura (Social Learning Theory, 1977) What is Social Learning Theory? Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning and added a social element, signifying the concept that people can learn new …

    SOCIAL COGNI TIVE THEORY Albert Bandura Stanford University Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta perspective of social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986). Since development is a life- long process (Baltes & Reese, 1984), the analysis is concerned with changes in the psychosocial functioning of adults as well as with those occurring in childhood. Development is … Bandura A. (1986). Observational learning. In A. Bandura (1986), Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    - -Albert Bandura (Social Learning Theory, 1977) What is Social Learning Theory? Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning and added a social element, signifying the concept that people can learn new … SOCIAL COGNI TIVE THEORY Albert Bandura Stanford University Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta perspective of social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986). Since development is a life- long process (Baltes & Reese, 1984), the analysis is concerned with changes in the psychosocial functioning of adults as well as with those occurring in childhood. Development is …

    Social Learning Theory – Bandura. December 22, 2017. Definition. Simply put, Social Learning Theory is a theory of learning and social behavior. But there’s more to learning. Social Learning Theory discusses the cognitive process that takes place in a social context which occurs after an individual is exposed to information through observation or direct instruction. Behavioral theories of Abstract: The authors’ review of literature about Bandura’s (1977) social learning theory and self-efficacy leads to implications on how this theory can positively affect prison work release programs and inmate post-release outcomes.

    Albert Bandura Biography 1 year ago • Behaviorist Theories , Biography , Cognitive Theories • 0 In 2014, Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura was ranked number one atop a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era, published in the Archives of Scientific Psychology. SOCIAL COGNI TIVE THEORY Albert Bandura Stanford University Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta perspective of social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986). Since development is a life- long process (Baltes & Reese, 1984), the analysis is concerned with changes in the psychosocial functioning of adults as well as with those occurring in childhood. Development is …

    Theorist -Albert Bandura. The Social Learning Theory Margaret Delores Isom November 30, 1998 Abstract The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology. Bandura and the Bobo Doll 2 Bandura, Ross, and Ross: Observational Learning and the Bobo Doll Since the publication of their seminal article entitled, “Transmission of Aggression Through Imitation of Aggressive Models” (Bandura, Ross, & Ross, 1961), the work of Albert Bandura and his co-authors has had an immeasurable impact on the field of psychology, in general, and educational

    Series Editor on Social Learning Theory, Prentice-Hall, 1970-1990. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1963-77. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1967-77. SOCIAL COGNI TIVE THEORY Albert Bandura Stanford University Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta perspective of social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986). Since development is a life- long process (Baltes & Reese, 1984), the analysis is concerned with changes in the psychosocial functioning of adults as well as with those occurring in childhood. Development is …

    Albert Bandura is additionally the originator of the concepts of social learning theory and self-efficacy, and he is well-known for the Bobo doll experiment. Biography Albert Bandura Albert Bandura … Social Learning Theory – Bandura. December 22, 2017. Definition. Simply put, Social Learning Theory is a theory of learning and social behavior. But there’s more to learning. Social Learning Theory discusses the cognitive process that takes place in a social context which occurs after an individual is exposed to information through observation or direct instruction. Behavioral theories of

    Series Editor on Social Learning Theory, Prentice-Hall, 1970-1990. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1963-77. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1967-77. Theorist -Albert Bandura. The Social Learning Theory Margaret Delores Isom November 30, 1998 Abstract The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology.

    [PDF] Document Database Online Site Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Name: Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Format: ePub, PDF, Kindle, AudioBook learn slang by observing peers the social learning theory of bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors attitudes and emotional reactions of others bandura 1977 states learning would be exceedingly laborious not to mention hazardous if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own definition simply put social learning theory is a theory of learning and

    TechnoFunc Social Learning Theories

    albert bandura social learning theory 1977 pdf

    Social Learning Theory Bandura - Psychestudy. learn slang by observing peers the social learning theory of bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors attitudes and emotional reactions of others bandura 1977 states learning would be exceedingly laborious not to mention hazardous if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own definition simply put social learning theory is a theory of learning and, Bandura A. (1986). Observational learning. In A. Bandura (1986), Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall..

    Albert Bandura biography quotes publications and books

    albert bandura social learning theory 1977 pdf

    ALBERT BANDURA University of Kentucky. Theorist -Albert Bandura. The Social Learning Theory Margaret Delores Isom November 30, 1998 Abstract The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bobo_doll_experiment Albert Bandura Biography 1 year ago • Behaviorist Theories , Biography , Cognitive Theories • 0 In 2014, Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura was ranked number one atop a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era, published in the Archives of Scientific Psychology..

    albert bandura social learning theory 1977 pdf

  • Social Learning Theory Bandura - Psychestudy
  • Social Learning Theory Bandura - Psychestudy

  • Theorist -Albert Bandura. The Social Learning Theory Margaret Delores Isom November 30, 1998 Abstract The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology. Series Editor on Social Learning Theory, Prentice-Hall, 1970-1990. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1963-77. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1967-77.

    - -Albert Bandura (Social Learning Theory, 1977) What is Social Learning Theory? Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning and added a social element, signifying the concept that people can learn new … Theorist -Albert Bandura. The Social Learning Theory Margaret Delores Isom November 30, 1998 Abstract The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology.

    Theorist -Albert Bandura. The Social Learning Theory Margaret Delores Isom November 30, 1998 Abstract The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology. Social Learning Theory – Bandura. December 22, 2017. Definition. Simply put, Social Learning Theory is a theory of learning and social behavior. But there’s more to learning. Social Learning Theory discusses the cognitive process that takes place in a social context which occurs after an individual is exposed to information through observation or direct instruction. Behavioral theories of

    Theorist -Albert Bandura. The Social Learning Theory Margaret Delores Isom November 30, 1998 Abstract The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology. Theorist -Albert Bandura. The Social Learning Theory Margaret Delores Isom November 30, 1998 Abstract The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology.

    learn slang by observing peers the social learning theory of bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors attitudes and emotional reactions of others bandura 1977 states learning would be exceedingly laborious not to mention hazardous if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own definition simply put social learning theory is a theory of learning and Theorist -Albert Bandura. The Social Learning Theory Margaret Delores Isom November 30, 1998 Abstract The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology.

    Bandura described his theory of social learning as being developed in a context in which “the prevailing analysis of learning focused almost entirely on learning through the effects of one’s actions [with] the explanatory mechanisms [cast] in terms of peripheral association of environmental stimuli to responses” (Bandura, 2006a, p. 55). [PDF] Document Database Online Site Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Name: Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Format: ePub, PDF, Kindle, AudioBook

    Social learning theory adalah teori dari Albert Bandura (1977). Menurut Bandura , manusia mempelajari sesuatu dengan cara meniru perilaku orang lain . Anggaplah kamu mau belajar sesuatu hal yang super asing buat kamu. learn slang by observing peers the social learning theory of bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors attitudes and emotional reactions of others bandura 1977 states learning would be exceedingly laborious not to mention hazardous if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own definition simply put social learning theory is a theory of learning and

    Bandura A. (1986). Observational learning. In A. Bandura (1986), Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. - -Albert Bandura (Social Learning Theory, 1977) What is Social Learning Theory? Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning and added a social element, signifying the concept that people can learn new …

    learn slang by observing peers the social learning theory of bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors attitudes and emotional reactions of others bandura 1977 states learning would be exceedingly laborious not to mention hazardous if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own definition simply put social learning theory is a theory of learning and Albert Bandura Biography 1 year ago • Behaviorist Theories , Biography , Cognitive Theories • 0 In 2014, Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura was ranked number one atop a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era, published in the Archives of Scientific Psychology.

    Bandura and the Bobo Doll 2 Bandura, Ross, and Ross: Observational Learning and the Bobo Doll Since the publication of their seminal article entitled, “Transmission of Aggression Through Imitation of Aggressive Models” (Bandura, Ross, & Ross, 1961), the work of Albert Bandura and his co-authors has had an immeasurable impact on the field of psychology, in general, and educational Bandura described his theory of social learning as being developed in a context in which “the prevailing analysis of learning focused almost entirely on learning through the effects of one’s actions [with] the explanatory mechanisms [cast] in terms of peripheral association of environmental stimuli to responses” (Bandura, 2006a, p. 55).

    Albert Bandura is additionally the originator of the concepts of social learning theory and self-efficacy, and he is well-known for the Bobo doll experiment. Biography Albert Bandura Albert Bandura … Bandura A. (1986). Observational learning. In A. Bandura (1986), Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    Bandura described his theory of social learning as being developed in a context in which “the prevailing analysis of learning focused almost entirely on learning through the effects of one’s actions [with] the explanatory mechanisms [cast] in terms of peripheral association of environmental stimuli to responses” (Bandura, 2006a, p. 55). Albert Bandura is additionally the originator of the concepts of social learning theory and self-efficacy, and he is well-known for the Bobo doll experiment. Biography Albert Bandura Albert Bandura …

    [PDF] Document Database Online Site Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Name: Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1977 Pdf File Format: ePub, PDF, Kindle, AudioBook Bandura A. (1986). Observational learning. In A. Bandura (1986), Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    albert bandura social learning theory 1977 pdf

    Bandura described his theory of social learning as being developed in a context in which “the prevailing analysis of learning focused almost entirely on learning through the effects of one’s actions [with] the explanatory mechanisms [cast] in terms of peripheral association of environmental stimuli to responses” (Bandura, 2006a, p. 55). Albert Bandura is additionally the originator of the concepts of social learning theory and self-efficacy, and he is well-known for the Bobo doll experiment. Biography Albert Bandura Albert Bandura …